[winswitch] Xdummy on Ubuntu

Mukul Agrawal mukulagrawal78 at yahoo.com
Tue Oct 11 21:28:30 BST 2016

On Ubuntu Xenial, xpra is using the fallback option of Xvfb.
I will like to somehow be able to use Xdummy.My specific use-case is on headless machines .... so I don't have any Xorg starting by default.
Is there any workaround that can enable me to use Xdummy?Is this expected to be a long term problem or do you expect to have a solution in near term? 
I highly doubt Ubuntu will do anything about it, even in near future LTS releases.

Alternatively, if I rollback to Trusty, do I need to follow the procedure mentioned in the link below?Or will newer releases of xpra take care of it automatically? 
[I never followed this procedure before on Trusty but I dont recall seeing Xdummy related warning before either.

Xdummy – Xpra

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Xdummy – Xpra
 xpra - screen for X  |   |




Mukul ( https://sites.google.com/site/mukulagrawal ) 

    On Friday, September 16, 2016 11:45 AM, Mukul Agrawal via shifter-users <shifter-users at lists.devloop.org.uk> wrote:

 Thanks for the clarifications.I simplified the setup (non-sudo user for proxy; same usernames on both machines) to be able to debug. But it still does not work.
Multifile authentication on proxy succeeds. But seems like it not using correct ssh command line to connect to backened server.  Logs on the proxy are attached below. There are no logs on the backend xpra server. The sshd logs on the backend server says that the connection was closed by the proxy [preauth].
1. I now start proxy as non-sudo user1 on machine1 and attach it to non-priveldged tcp port1. Give it a display number disp1.

 xpra proxy :disp1 --bind-tcp= --tcp-auth=multifile:filename=path-to-multifile -d auth

Machine1 is running newer version of XPRA (xpra proxy version 1.0-r13637).

multifile looks like following :-
user1|pswd1|1000|1000|ssh:user1 at machine2:disp2||

2. start an xpra server on machine2 under the user account with with same username user1. Give it a display number disp2.

xpra start :disp2DISPLAY=:disp2 xeyes &

Machine2 is using older version of XPRA (0.15.10 r11439). Not sure if this creates any problems. 

3. Try attaching to backend server on machine2 from machine 1 using ssh transport and public key authentication.
xpra attach ssh:user1 at machine2:disp2
This works fine. So seems like different versions are compatible.
4. Try attaching from xpra clent running on machine3 (win7 machine).

xpra attach --password-file=pswd.txt tcp:user1 at machine1:port1

xpra attach tcp:user1:pswd1 at machine1:port1

Proxy Logs :-

2016-09-16 11:03:55,160 New tcp connection received from IP3:1834^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,160 socktype=tcp, authclass=('multifile', <class'xpra.server.auth.multifile_auth.Authenticator'>, {'filename': 'path-to-multifile2.txt'}),encryption=, keyfile=^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,161 creating authenticator ('multifile',<class 'xpra.server.auth.multifile_auth.Authenticator'>, {'filename': 'path-to-multifile2.txt'})with username=user1^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,161 multifile=multi passwordfile^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,161 processing authentication withmulti password file, response=None, client_salt=, challenge_sent=False^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,161 challenge:('dc743d422f664331be64f48c22913d8144207dcab83c4ec2bdd6ed21a88a7567','hmac')^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,161 Authentication required by multipassword file authenticator module^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,162 sending challenge for 'user1' using hmac digest^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,271 processing authentication withmulti password file, response=864f4fff84caf265599ff84726295167, client_salt=38643238663234613531386134353065386363383266363131346438393164356338383537383062303665363431396162633432363735643634643066346133,challenge_sent=True^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,271 mtime(path-to-multifile2.txt)=1473994487.22^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,271 loaded 184 bytes from 'path-to-multifile2.txt'^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,272 line 1: ^[[36m2016-09-1611:03:55,272 found 7 fields^[[0m…. Something here …hex(salt)=5c07050c5556005307570e57000603545a06550c54520e5203065d090a555c04570c0a05005c5303520e565500545a530007500453530755570c5c5151015704,hash=864f4fff84caf265599ff84726295167^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,272 authentication challengepassed^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,272 start_proxy(Protocol(tcpsocket: internalIP1:port1<- IP3:1834), {..}, None) found sessions: (1000,1000, ['ssh:user1 at IP2:disp2'], {}, {})^[[0m^[[36m2016-09-16 11:03:55,273 start_proxy:proxy-virtual-display=:disp1 (ignored), user specified display=None, founddisplays=['ssh:user1 at IP2:disp2']^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,499 proxy video encoders: x264^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,499 new proxy instance started^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,499 for client tcp socket: internalIP1:port1<- IP3:1834^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,499 and server Pipe(ssh:user1 at IP2:disp2)^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,500 proxy instance now also availableusing unix domain socket:^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,500 path-to-.xpra/ip-internal-IP1-proxy-11703^[[0m^[[31m2016-09-16 11:03:55,503 Error: SSH connection to thexpra server failed^[[0m^[[31m2016-09-16 11:03:55,504  check your username, hostname, displaynumber, firewall, etc^[[0m^[[31m2016-09-16 11:03:55,504  for server: ssh:user1 at IP2:disp2^[[0m^[[31m2016-09-16 11:03:55,504  the command line used was:^[[0m^[[31m2016-09-16 11:03:55,504  ssh -x -l user1 -T IP2 sh -c 'xprainitenv;~/.xpra/run-xpra _proxy :disp2 || $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/xpra/run-xpra _proxy:disp2 || xpra _proxy :disp2'^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,504 stop(server connection lost,Protocol(None))^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,505 removing socket path-to-.xpra/ip-internal-IP1-proxy-11703^[[0m2016-09-16 11:03:55,505 proxy instance 11703 stopped^[[0m

 Regards, Mukul ( https://sites.google.com/site/mukulagrawal ) 

    On Thursday, September 15, 2016 10:24 AM, Antoine Martin via shifter-users <shifter-users at lists.devloop.org.uk> wrote:

 On 15/09/16 11:39, Mukul Agrawal via shifter-users wrote:
> If I want xpra proxy on machine1 to connect to xpra server on machine2 using ssh with public key authentication and no password, then how should I set it up?
I have not tested this, but SSH connections from the proxy should be
using the public key of the user running the proxy server process and
not the key of the user you authenticate as. (which may not have a user
account at all on the system running the proxy)

> Public keys are already in default locations and xpra is able to attach directly from machine2 to machine 1 using standard format:  xpra attach ssh:username at machine1:display.
I thought the server you wanted to connect to was "machine 2" and not
the other way around?

> But when I try to connect via proxy from client machine3, proxy is not being able to authenticate.
Have you checked your ssh server logs for an answer?

> It sends the challenge but then there is no log after that.
Please share the log sample up to that point to help clarify things.

Note: when using SSH connections, the server does not need to use
another socket authentication module. That's usually just redundant.

> I am using multifile like this :-
> username|pswd|1000|1000|ssh:machine1:display|| 
> and attach command from machine3 like this:-xpra attach tcp:username:pswd at machine2:proxyPORT
> Are the usernames and passwords actually associated with login accounts on the target machine or their significance is only with respect to multifile resolution?
It depends: if the proxy server runs as root, each proxied connection
will run as the uid and gid you defined. (ie: 1000 above)
But the connection to the backend server is made before changing uid, so
the ssh key used will not be the one of the user specified in multifile.

If you don't mind using SSH with passwords, you should be able to use
something like this (untested):
|username|pswd|1000|1000|ssh/username2:password2 at machine2/display||

We could also change the code to:
* add support for ssh options to multifile, so you could specify the
keyfile for each user
* change the ordering so the connection to the backend server happens
after changing uid and gid (but this would only work with the proxy
running as root)
Feel free to create tickets for this.

> Can password be left blank for public key authentication?
That doesn't make sense: the password in multifile is for authentication
to the proxy, not to the backend server.
Unless you're trying to connect via ssh to your proxy? (but why?)


> Thanks. 
> _______________________________________________
> shifter-users mailing list
> shifter-users at lists.devloop.org.uk
> http://lists.devloop.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/shifter-users

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